Neco 2017 Civic Education Objective and Essay Free Expo Answers


Thursday 13th July
Paper III & II: Objective & Essay
Civic Education - 10:00am - 1:00pm

CIVIC OBJ:
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1a)
causes of HIV/AIDS
(I) Through semen: Most people get the virus by having unprotected sex with someone who has HIV.
(ii) infected needles: Another common way of getting it is by sharing drug needles with someone who is infected with HIV.
(iii) infected mother: The virus can also be passed from a mother to her baby during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.
(iv) If tissues or organs from an infected person are transplanted, the recipient may acquire HIV.

1b)
Symptoms of HIV/AIDS
(i) Fever.
(ii) Sore throat.
(iii) Headache.
(iv) Muscle aches and joint pain.
(v) Swollen glands (swollen lymph nodes).
(vi) Skin rash
(vii) Fatigue

2a)
Human trafficking is the trade in humans, most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation for the traffickers.

2b)
i)Poverty: This is a situation where a person fall short of a level of economic welfare, where a person lacks the basic human want which are clothing, food and shelter.
ii) Lack of employment opportunities: Due to the bad economic situation of some countries that made some people jobless, some people therefore get lured and deceived by traffickers because they want to get out of the country and thereby using them as slaves and prostitutes in other countries.
iii)Profit: Because of the profits the trafficker wants to make from doing trafficking business make them to engage themselves in such evil business all because of profit.
iv)Illiterates: Illiterates are those who are not able to read or write, illiteracy has made so many people to become a victim of trafficking, for instance, signing on a paper you do not have any knowledge about.
v)Economic system: Because of poor economic system of some countries the citizens prefer to live somewhere else and would not mind to go anywhere and because of this they become a victim.
vi)Greed: Some people are not satisfied with what they have, because of the love to earn more than what they can have they end up falling into the hands of traffickers.

3a)
Citizenship is defined as the status of being a legal
member of a particular country. A citizen of a
country is someone on whom all the social and
political rights of the country are conferred upon.
Citizens of the Nigeria have the right to live, work and
take part in the civic life. They also need to pay taxes as citizens of the country.

4a)Civil society is the “aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests and will of citizens”.
4b)
1. Citizenship by birth
2. Citizenship by registration
3. Citizenship by naturalization
By birth.The process for the acquisition of Nigeria citizenship by a child
born abroad depends on the immigration and civil statuses
of the parent or parents of the child. A child born to two
Nigeria citizen parents in wedlock need only prove that one of the parents has a permanent residence in the State or county prior to the birth .
REGISTRATION – The following persons are eligible to
become citizens through registration . A foreign woman who marries a citizen of Nigeria. Person who is of adult age (17), born outside Nigeria, any of whose grandparents is or was a citizen of Nigeria. A foreign child adopted by Nigerian parents. Nigerian nation
Naturalization- is the process by which Nigeria
citizenship is grante to a foreign citizen or national after he or she fulfills the requirements established by Congress in the Immigration and Nationality.

5a)
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or part of a nation.

5b)
i) Citizenship by Birth (jus sanguinis). If one or both of a person's parents are citizens of a given state, then the person may have the right to be a citizen of that state as well
ii)Citizenship by Registration
A person can be a citizen of a country through registration. This mostly occurs to women who marry foreign nationals. For instance, a Gambian woman married to a Nigerian may register as a citizen of Nigeria but she must satisfy certain conditions such as residing in Nigeria and should take the oath of allegiance to Nigeria and renounce her Gambian citizenship.
iii) Citizenship by Naturalization
This is another way through which an individual can acquire citizenship in a country. Through this method, the individual must satisfy certain basic conditions such as in the case of Nigeria, the individual must have lived in Nigeria for not less than 15 years, he must have a job, he must be an honourable person, that is, not a criminal and must be recommended by a very important person in the country.
iv)Citizenship by Descent
This is a method of acquiring citizenship of another country as a result of the fact that his grandparents are citizens of the country.

7a)
Civil society refers to any non-governmental entity formed by a group of people with similar interests who come together to work on a common goal

7b)
i)Civil society makes state at all level to be accountable, responsive and to be more effective. They help to limit and control the power of the state
ii)It promotes political participation through the process of educating people about the about their rights and obligations as democratic citizen and also encourage them to participate in election.
iii)Building community; engagement and participation in voluntary associations also has the potential to strengthen bonds among citizens.
iv)Socialization; civil society contributes to the formation and practice of democratic attitudes among citizens. Thus people learn to develop tolerance, mutual trust and the ability to relate with people.
v)It can also help to play an important role in meditating and helping to resolve conflict.

8a) It a
refers to the procedure of involving majority of the citizens of a country in the decision making processes, especially on issues that affect the welfare of the generality of the populace.
b)
-Bad Governance: The government of Nigeria for instance rules in a bad and carefree manner, their act does not motivate people thereby making people to ignore and nonchalant to political activities.
-Rigging of election: so many citizens belief that no matter the level of security election are going to be rigged either directly or indirectly thereby they see voting as a waste of time and energy.
-Past History of Political Occurrence: Due to the fact that some family members, friends and relatives have been victimized in the process of participating in political issues, because of this experience people decide not to participate in politics.
-Violent Campaign: Sometimes, the way political parties carry out their carry out their campaigns appears too violent and this can lead to lack of interest in politics.

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